What is Periodontal Dentistry?

periodontalPeriodontal Dentistry focuses on the supporting structure of teeth- the gums and bones that help keep our teeth in place. Periodontal dentistry specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease.

The main focus of periodontal dentistry is the gums. It is wide spread- in fact most Americans have some form of gum disease. Periodontal or gum disease can range from simple gum inflammation or serious gum disease that may result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that supports the teeth.

Periodontal services are used to repair the damage done to the structure of the teeth.

Periodontal dentistry specializes in dental implants. Periodontists are specially trained in the placement, maintenance, and repair of dental implants.

South Charlotte Dentistry offers Periodontal Services. We offer a wide range of treatments, such as scaling and root planing (in which the infected surface of the root is cleaned) or root surface debridement (in which damaged tissue is removed). South Charlotte Dentistry can also repair severe gum damage with surgical procedures.

Dental implants can be an option at just about any age, as long a patient has healthy gums and adequate bone to support the implant and is committed to maintaining basic oral care. Implants do not require any more care than one would provide for natural teeth, such as rinsing, flossing, and brushing a few times a day.

How do you Know if you Need Periodontal Dentistry?

Many Americans suffer from Gum Inflammation and Tooth Pain. And if it goes unchecked can lead to severe gum disease and tooth loss.

If you are experiencing any of the following, it is time to make an appointment with Dr. Wells:

  • Bad breath that won’t go away
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender or bleeding gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Receding gums or longer appearing teeth

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Plaque and tartar is the leading cause of periodontal disease.  Plaque is the sticky, colorless stuff that gets stuck to our teeth. Regular brushing and flossing help to remove plaque, but plaque is difficult to remove around the gum line. If plaque hardens it becomes tartar. Tartar can only be removed by a professional cleaning from a dental professional.

If plaque and tartar is not removed, the gums become inflamed which is called “gingivitis.” Unchecked gingivitis leads to periodontitis which is inflammation around the tooth. This can lead to receding gums and tooth loss.

Here are some other Risk Factors that may contribute to the development of gum disease:

  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes in girls/women.
  • Diabetes.
  • Other illnesses and their treatments.
  • Medications.
  • Genetic susceptibility.